Grappling is an element of many martial arts. It is important to put the opponent in an inferior position with the different techniques and thus to control his movements. He is therefore unable to move and also unable to act. This gives yourself an advantage to be able to act better. Grappling components include leverage techniques, throws, hold and strangle holds of any kind, which can be combined with punches and kicks to accomplish the opponent’s task.
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, also known as BJJ, focuses on ground combat. For example, different throwing techniques are trained from a standing position. However, the main focus is still on the ground, not in the stand. In particular, the defense is trained from the supine position. This type of martial arts is a modification and development of the Japanese Kōdōkan Jūdō, which was developed in Brazil by the brothers Helio and Carlos Gracie. Carlos Gracie learned judo from Mitsuo Maeda, a disciple of Jigoro Kano, and passed it on to his younger brother Helio. Since Helio was physically slim the implementation of traditional judo techniques was a problem for him. For this reason, he changed the mechanics and leverage of many techniques, making them more effective and also applicable to physically weaker individuals. Helio and Carlos also taught their children at Jiu Jitsu, creating the next generation of fighters and coaches. As a result, the Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu has become increasingly widespread and is still one of the most commonly used martial arts.